Investigation into the Pattern and Dynamics of the Albanian Agricultural Public Budget

Myslym OSMANI
Agricultural University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania

 

Abstract
This study aims at identifying and assessing the pattern and the dynamics of the public agricultural budget during the last 16 years in Albania. The data used are those of the public budget of agriculture for the period 2005-2020. The methods we use are mainly descriptive and exploratory statistical methods, such as graphical representation and correlation. The analysis shows that the pattern of the public agricultural budget in Albania is characterized by low levels and significantly insufficient budget increases, even lower than relative GDP or GAP increases, as well as significant fluctuations over years. Based on the analysis results, we conclude that agriculture isn’t a real priority development sector. Seen in its structure, some important budget programs such as investments for irrigation and drainage system, direct support for farmers, extension, information and research but not only, don’t receive enough attention and aren’t seen as priorities, while for years they show declining trends or are incredibly shaky. The ministry responsible for agriculture has failed to effectively support medium- to long-term strategic objectives in terms of budget allocations. Some time because of these failures, the gaps between real budget allocations and strategic objectives reach up to 30 percent. The study also contributes to some recommendations or lessons to be learned in order to have a higher and more effective public agricultural budget in the future.

Key Words: agriculture, agricultural policy, budget, dynamics, graph, state support
JEL Codes: G18, G31, H41, H51, H61, O13

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