Empirical Assessment of the Role of the Academic Staff in the Participation of Students in the Teaching Process as an Indicator of the Process Quality-an Econometric Approach

Diana Shehu1, Myslym Osmani 2, Edlira Menkshi 3

Abstract
One of the main objectives that every university has is increasing the efficiency of the teaching process. The role and performance of the academic staff as well as the participation of students in the lectures are important factors to achieve this. The goal of this research is to identify the role of academic staff as well as the participation of students in lectures in Albanian public universities and to show the means and ways to follow in order to increase its efficiency. The study was conducted in 5 public universities in Albania and the total number of students surveyed was 854. To analyze data, we used descriptive statistics, such as means and statistical graphical presentation and econometric models, mainly classical one-factor regression techniques. From the study result that as the greater is the role of the pedagogues in the teaching process, the more its efficiency increases. The study also shows that the high participation of students in lesson increases the efficiency of the teaching process. This research identifies the problems that exist for the participation of students in the lectures and problems related with the academic staff. In the end, conclusions and recommendations are provided on how the role and performance of the academic staff, and students’ participation in the teaching process can be further improved.

Keywords: teaching, academic staff, student participation, econometric model

JEL Codes: C1, C2, C5

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