An approach for main problem assessment of a protected area using problem tree method. Case study: Prespa Park

Dorina Grazhdani, Maksim Meço
Fakulteti i Ekonomisë dhe Agrobiznesit, UBT, Tiranë

Abstract
The method of tree analysis is very useful in understanding a problem. It produces a visual representation of the analysis, in which the key problem under discussion resembles the trunk of a tree, the effects of the problem become the branches and the causes of the problem become the roots. The tri-national Prespa Park region is considered an ecological entity of global significance. However, the unique values of this ecosystem are being eroded at a rapid rate and threatened by increasing exploitation of natural resources, inappropriate land-use practices, and uncoordinated sectoral policies and development activities leading to soil and water contamination and degradation. The region is subject to different and even conflicting management regimes and policies, which further exacerbate the threats to the ecosystem as a whole and make unilateral and piecemeal response measures ineffective. The impacts to the Prespa Park ecosystem and their underlying causes may only be solved through identification and evaluation of the main tree problem in Prespa Park, which will enhance close cooperation between the three countries, involving the relevant sectors and range of stakeholders. The taken results are encouraging.

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