The farm typology referred to their economic efficiency in the area of Bushati, Shkoder
Prof. As. Dr Zef Gjeta1, Dr. Ndoc Vata2, MSc Agim Pepkolaj3
1Fakulteti i Bujqësisë dhe Mjedisit, UBT, Tiranë
2Fakulteti i Bujqësisë dhe Mjedisit, UBT, Tiranë
3Agjensia e Pagesave, MBUMK, Tiranë
Bushat Municipality is one of the largest municipalities zone Zadrima, which consists of a large number of villages due to the land of significant population. The municipality is bordered on the north by the river Drin, east municipality Dajç, Lezhë and Hajmel, south municipality Balldre and Velipoje west municipality Dajç and Berdice Shkodra. As a municipality consists of 14 villages: Bushat, Shkjezë, Plezhë, Stajkë, Kosmaç, Ashtë, Melgushë, Rranxa, Konaj, Mali i Jushit, Fshati i ri, Barbullush, Hotën dhe Kukël. Here lives a population of about 22,125 inhabitants, where these coincide in the 5676 violence. The whole municipality has an area of 5930 ha, of which about 346 ha located on the hill, and the rest in the field. About 5091 ha are underwater and 703 ha located on the water. As the municipality has a genuine agricultural development of livestock. This municipality is a particular interest in terms of the development of agriculture, cultivating different kinds of cultures, investing with little opportunity to expand the farm. Most common crops in cultivation in the area are wheat, corn, forage, vegetable, sunflower, etc. While more than 120 ha are planted various vegetables which take about 100 thousand quintals of output per year. Vegetables planted more in this area are: tomatoes, peppers, cabbage flowers, dry onion, watermelon, etc. These products serve mainly to meet the needs of farmers and only a small part fails to emerge in the market. In this municipality are implemented and some crop cultivation systems, on different types of land which has given a very good result. Bushat municipality farmers are focused on the development of agriculture, but they have not neglected livestock, since both are related to each other, and their performance in many cases is the same and can bring good profits. Over the last two decades, farmers in this area have attempted to improve the level of farm use, with the aim of increasing the income that they make from their farms. In this regard, there have been farmers who have gained very high results. Based on the data collected in the field, but also on an assessment undertaken under a methodology established by the FAO, have seen revenue profile providing farm three species: mixed farms occupy 86% of the total; oriented farms occupied rreth12%; and specialized farms occupy 1 to 2% of the total number of farms. While based on the different practices that they apply on their farm, the results you get are quite different. This makes the direction of their development is not the same, and in general, here is even more clearly still untapped potential in our agriculture. As will be seen, even in relatively limited areas (such as a hectare for a farm to take in the analysis), with contemporary application, can achieve higher results. Currently, this is the basis of this study, which attempts to give views the farmers of the area, but also experts in the field, according to concrete results convincingly demonstrate the advantages of intensification, in terms of revenue growth for the farm which creates the condition for improved farmers living conditions.
Keywords: Bushat Commune, farm type, culture, intensification, efficiency, specialization.