Increasing the role of women in Albanian
Dr. Eda Luga, Prof. As. Dr. Ana Kapaj, Prof. Dr. Donika Kercini
Fakulteti i Ekonomise dhe Agrobiznesit, UBT
Women play also an indispensable role in farming and in improving the quality of life in rural areas. However, their contributions often remain concealed due to some social barriers and gender bias. Why should there be a special focus on Women in agriculture? First of all, the women comprise 51% of the agriculture labor force since farming is usually a family farm activity, consisting of the husband, the Wife and the children (Albanian Women in Agriculture- Case studies, Barrett Nichols.K, December 2008). Secondly, women do farming too. Generally, when reference is made to ‘farmers’ we understand the man as a farmer. But farming is done not only by men; it is also done by women. While women farmers perform so many roles as farmers, wives, and mothers, their work is often undervalued, many times unpaid, some even unrecognized, because of persisting stereotypes about the roles of men and women and because in many small family farms, women labor is unpaid family labor. When they are paid, they are paid less than the men.
The main purpose of this study is to highlights women agriculture producers situation, to analyze how the women are involved in commercial activities, access to land, to credit, to marketing, to participation in the organization. We will try to find out the problems that Albanian women cope in their activities to achieve the market as well as they solve these difficulties. This research aims to identify some characteristics of women agriculture producers describing the composition of the family, education, gender division of labor, decision making and underline the variables perceived as constraints.
Keyword: Women in Agriculture, farm activity, family labor