Trade balance, productivity and competitiveness of agro-industry
In this paper, we will try to analyze the factors that have affected mostly the productivity and competitiveness of agro-industry sector and addressing the challenges for solutions. The methodology used refers to the trade balance (Exports vs. Imports) for the main products, highlighting the competitiveness level with the region’s and EU products, the strengths and weaknesses (SWOT analysis) and what should be improved in order to create a common market.
Albania is on the way of obtaining the status of candidacy as a member of the European Union and one of the main challenges is to have a functional market economy that is able to compete in an open market and without barriers. Based on the specific weight of agricultural sector in the Gross Domestic Product and the number of self- employeed people, the agriculture sector appears to be the second most important service after the services. A competitive agroindustrial sector caracterised by high productivity is a necessary condition to withstand the opening market toward imports but also a chance to increase the exports “Made in Albania”.
The prognosis of being part of the European Union in medium terms pose for discussion among the experts the agriculture common policy issues that should be applied by Albania during its integration path toward the full membership in the European family. These two main conclusions are an open invitations for debate for the experts and the policy makers in the food industry to make the agriculture one of the sectors that provides development and sustainable economic growth and challenger of the competition in the region and for EU member countries, mainly Italy and Greece as our main partners.