Rural development in the region of Korça – reality, trends and perspectives
Eleni Vangjeli, Fehmi Xhemo, Rezarta Hoxhallari
Agriculture provides 29-30% of total production at the regional level; it will remain the leading sector for several years. But the last 10 years, there has been a decline of power of this sector. Korça Region within the boundaries has a total land area of 369,652 ha. From the total land area of land that is worked is around 23.5%. Korça Region has considerable forest area. Meadows and pastures make up to 14.7% of the total land fund of the Region.
Natural resource degradation is evident in the Region of Korça, constituting at the same time and a serious obstacle to the development of agriculture as a sector.
Agriculture of Korça Region, as in the whole country has undergone major changes during the transition period. Distribution of land in a large number of small farms is still characterized. Relatively large population in the village in terms of small farms with limited arable land area, resulting in a relatively high load working power. The structure of the farm on the number and type of animals characterized by a relatively small concentration of them on the farm. Small farm size, relatively large number of people in each family, the low level of intensification in them, etc., bring that farms have a relatively low participation in the market.
Although educated with the behavior of the centralized economy, farmers gradually began to be oriented by the market.
Key words: rural development, agricultural production, farmers, land area, rural poverty, region.