Poverty features and main obstacles to local development: the case of communes of Elbasan
Edvin Zhllima, Drini Imami, Elvina Merkaj
Poverty has been and continues to be a perennial concern in Elbasan region. Findings from the 2002 Poverty Assessment Report of World Bank and statements at the regional MDG report emphasizes that Elbasan poverty headcount was very high and HDI was one the poorest in the country level. This study analyses the state of poverty and factors underlying poverty in the four communes of Elbasan, namely Gjinar, Bradashesh, Labinot Fushe and Shushice based on information obtained from two field surveys. One survey targeted households while the other targeted community leaders. This mixed approach was conducted in order to gather data on: incomes, land tenure, means of production, non agriculture activities, main needs for intervention and perception of community engagement and cooperation.
The survey found out that the population of these communes relies heavily on subsistence farming, remittances and petty trade. The severe underdevelopment of non-farm economy, especially processing industry, reduces the chances of the poor population for benefiting of non-agricultural wages.