The ways of managing protected areas in function of sustainable tourism. Prospects for a good adaptive co-management
M.Sc. Parashqevi Proda (Draci)1, Dr. Edmond Kadiu2
2Economy & Agribusiness Faculty; Agricultural University Of Tirana
The article discusses over the prospects of adaptive co-management as an alternative approach to protected areas management for sustainable tourism. It examines the management issue and recasts it in light of complex adaptive system thinking. Adaptive co management brings together collaborative and adaptive approaches in pursuit of sustainable resource use and social-ecological resilience. Conclusions highlight the importance of systematically incorporating evaluation into the adaptive co-management process and recognize the challenge to shift from a conventional to a complex adaptive system perspective. Adaptive co-management provides a theoretically anchored approach, which is consistent with the paradigmatic shifts in governance and complex systems, to address the intractable challenges facing protected areas and sustainable tourism such as conflict, complexity and uncertainty. Evaluation with a complex system worldview should place a priority on responding (adapting) to feedback. In appraising the potential for adaptive co-management attention is systematically directed to conceptual, technical, ethical and practical dimensions. A lack of evidence from consistent evaluation of adaptive co management further exacerbates the situation and indicates that it is clearly not a universal answer.
Keywords: adaptive co-management, protected areas and sustainable tourism, governance, complex system theory, ethics.