Hydro infrastructure investments and priorities of the Albanian government in rehabilitation of water systems
Msc. Bajame Skenderaj1, Dr. Alba Dumi2
1Universiteti ”Kristal” Tiranë
2Universiteti ”Ismail Qemali” Vlorë
The distribution problem also has a seasonal aspect: much more water is needed during the summer growing season; when rainfall is scarce, rural drinking water is often misused for irrigation; and the tourist resort areas use large amounts of water.
Sanitation presents even more problems than drinking water. Sanitation coverage in urban areas is almost the same as drinking water coverage. Urban areas have mostly combined sewage and storm water collection networks that discharge into near bay surface water bodies. About 40% of the urban population has a sewer connection. In rural areas, only a small portion of the areas with piped water supply is equipped with sever networks. Most rural areas have individual household waste-water collection systems, principally simple pit-latrines with no drainage pipes. Upgrading of sewer networks has not kept pace with the general development of infrastructure, and the materials and technology used have not been improved. Presently, there is no treatment of waste-water in Albania; its discharge in water bodies, especially in coastal tourist areas and delicate ecosystems, is a major environmental program for the government, the business, community and the public.
Key words: drinking water, treatment of water resources, politics for ecosystem & environments